3rd years L PH
Time allocated: 2 hours
Read the Following Text carefully then do the activities:
Forgery and counterfeiting may be defined as copying with the intention to deceive. They are the making of realistic imitations for the purpose of passing them off as genuine articles usually for profit. In law there is a slight difference between them. Counterfeiting normally means falsifying documents such as checks, passports., driver’s licenses, credit cards, birth certificates, social security cards, wills, theatre tickets, or identification cards, in this article, as in everyday speech, the two terms are used interchangeably.
Profit and prestige are the two primary reasons for forgery. In the 20th century, profit has become the greatest motivating force because there is so much money to be made from making realistic imitations of great paintings, designer products, and many everyday commodities.
The kinds of goods that are counterfeited vary a good deal, depending on the market for
them: shampoo, automobile engines and small parts, designer jeans, drugs, sunglasses and wristwatches.
Action against commercial counterfeiters has been taken in both private and public sectors. The international anti-counterfeiting coalition, based in San Francisco that monitors goods of all kinds to check whether they are genuine or not.
1- The text is : a. narrative b. expository c. descriptive
2- Choose the main idea of the text.
a. Commerce and counterfeit.
b. The definition of counterfeit and forgery.
c. Kinds of forgery.
3- Are these statements true or false?
a- Counterfeit is the imitation of original products.
b- There is little variety of counterfeited goods
c- Only private sector takes action against commercial counterfeit.
d- The international Anti-counterfeiting coalition is an association to check the veracity of goods.
4- Answer of following questions according to the text
a- What is the difference between counterfeit and forgery?
b- Why are goods imitated?
5- find in the text words that are closest in meaning to the following:
a- Copies( §1) = …………. B- power (§2) = ………..
6- find in the text words that are opposites in meaning to the following:
a- Similarity(§1) ≠ ………. B- little (§2)≠ ………..
7- Supply punctuation and capitalization.
the technology used by the firms in europe and in america is of high level thanks to it they are able to improve the quality of their goods
8- Rewrite the following sentences using the words between brackets:
a- Government and citizens will eradicate counterfeit they work hand in hand (provided that).
b- In order to stop forgery, government should take serious measures (it’s high time).
c- George regrets his actions of piracy. (Wish).
9- Express it differently:
a- Some groups deviate public funds for their own interests.
b- Specialists' consultancies will help multinational companies if they trade more ethically.
c- “Law punishes the unethical practices” he declared.
10- Underline the stressed syllable in the following words:
Corruption - bribery - business - economics
11- Fill in the gaps with the following words:
(Ancient – received – private – falsifying – copies – market).
The …1… of panting and sculpture has been occurring since …2… times. Occasionally, people have knowingly purchased …3… of art. Wealthy Romans, for instance, demanded and…4… copies of famous Greek statues. But in the 20th century, the …5… for take art sold as being authentic has become very profitable, since artworks are now bought as investments for …6… collections.
PART TWO: Written Expression.
Choose one topic.
TOPIC ONE: use the following notes to write a paragraph about counterfeiting and its consequences:
- Counterfeiting is a criminal offence in nearly every country.
- Making counterfeit coins was relatively easy.
- Counterfeiting paper currency is a highly technical skill.
- With technological advances the time needed to produce counterfeit money has been shortened and the quality of work much improved.
- To combat counterfeit there are attempts to make detection of fraud.
TOPIC TWO: Write a letter to the financial times newspaper in which you denounce counterfeiting and forgery. Mention some of its bad consequences in the society.